Attractions in SofiaWhen you are in Sofia go to see the local attractions and collect some good memories and a brief overview of Bulgarian history and culture. The city is one of the oldest in Europe. It was found on the site of a former Neolithic village in VIII BC. Its name comes from the Greek word “Sofia” which means wisdom. You can see many old buildings, old streets, monasteries and artifacts that are preserved to tell the story of the city. But Sofia is not all about ancient and medieval monuments. Today the image of Sofia is changing fast. There are many new attractions - modern buildings, parks, malls, museums, galleries, universities, etc. There are so many attractions on a walking distance in Sofia that you will be amazed by the short distances between them. As there are hundreds of attractions there is something for everyone. Please take a look at the list of local attractions that we have prepared for you.
The gold-domed Alexander Nevsky Cathedral was built in the early 20th century in memory of the 200,000 Russian, Ukrainian, Belorussian and Bulgarian soldiers, who died in the Russo-Turkish War, 1877–1878. It is one of the largest Eastern Orthodox cathedrals in the world. The cathedral’s gold-plated dome is 45 m high, with the bell tower reaching 50.52 m.
The St. Clement of Ohrid University of Sofia or Sofia University is the oldest higher education institution in Bulgaria, founded on 1 October 1888. The university’s edifice was constructed between 1924 and 1934 with the financial support of the brothers Evlogi Georgiev and Hristo Georgiev, whose sculptures are now featured on its façade, and has an area of 18,624 m² and a total of 324 premises.
Founded in 1973, the National Museum of History in Sofia contains more than 650,000 exhibits and is one of the largest history museums on the Balkans. The aim of the museum is to provide a comprehensive view on Bulgarian history from the prehistory to present, in as broad an European context as possible.
National Stadium “Vassil Levski” is a all-seater multifunctionalstadium in the heart of Sofia, the capital of Bulgaria. It’s the biggest venue in its class and it hosts all the games of the National Football Team of Bulgaria. The arena is named after Vassil Levski, the most famous bulgarian hero from the Bulgarian Revival.
The Boyana Church, in the eponymous Sofia suburb at the foot of Mt. Vitosha, is one of the few complete and perfectly preserved mediaeval monuments testifying to the significant contribution of Bulgarian monumental painting to European culture in the Middle Ages.
The “Ivan Vazov” National Theatre is Bulgaria’s biggest theatre, as well as the oldest and most stand out and most imposing theatre in the country. This theatre is one of the major landmarks in Sofia due to its prime location and grandiose architecture.
50 years have passed since that particular autumn day in 1953 when in Sofia was officially opened the new National Opera, comfortably sheltered into the friendly arms of the Monumental House of BZNS [The Agrarian Union of Bulgaria], named “Alexander Stambolijsky”after the name of its popular leader.
The main function of Multifunctional Sports Hall Arena Armeec Sofia is to provide to bulgarian athletes the best conditions for performing sport activities. The hall complies with all regulations in operation of the international federations and their rules for organizing and running world and European championships as well as high level commercial tournaments like “World League” etc.
The National Gallery for Foreign Art in Sofia is the only one of its kind in the Balkans. It posseses an unique collection of Christian sculpture of the Indian province of Goa which can be found only in Great Britain and Portugal. Here is the Poetic Reality collection which no other museum has, etc.
The Bells monument is situated 14 km eastwards from the centre of Sofia at the foot of Vitosha Mountain. Children from all over the planet built into the unique monument thier faith in the good and bright days without war and violence to come.
The National Palace of Culture abbreviated in Bulgarian as NDK is the largest multifunctional congress, conference, convention and exhibition center in Southeastern Europe.
In the history of modern Bulgarian State, the functions of head of State have been performed by a monarch, a Regency Council and, later on, by collegial bodies like a Presidium of the National Assembly and a State Council. The institution of President of the Republic has a relatively recent history and is associated with Bulgaria’s transition to democracy and with the new structuring of institutions within the context of this transition.
Terminal 2 was officially opened on 27 December 2006 with the symbolic arrival of Bulgaria Air flight FB 408 from Brussels. The modern architectural design is resembling a spaceship landed amid the Sofia plain.
The edifice of the Palace of Justice, being among the most remarkable buildings downtown in the city of Sofia, is situated in the beginning of the pivotal boulevard named “Vitosha”.
Walking down ‘Tsar Osvoboditel’ street you will see the beautiful gold domes of the so-called ‘the prettiest church in Sofia’. Its high dome, surrounded by four smaller domes, all made of gold harmonize perfectly with the roof of the church which is covered with green majolica tiles.
Today the former Drawing School is called National Academy of Art, which till this very day is still considered to be the most prestigious Bulgarian institution for training professional artists in the field of fine and applied arts, design, conservation and restoration and history and theory of art.
Sofia Zoo is the best place of interest for the kids of Sofia. The capital’s Zoo was found in the beginning of 1888 and is a great place for spending your time with your children. Initially, the zoo was located in the park of the former royal palace, with the primary attraction being a Eurasian Black Vulture caught in Bulgaria and exhibited in a cage in the garden.
Rakovski Defense and Staff College is the oldest higher military institution in Bulgaria. It was founded with an Act of the 15th National Assembly of Bulgaria in 1st of March 1912.
The St. St. Cyril and Methodius National Library is the National Library of Republic of Bulgaria. It is the biggest greatest library in the country and the oldest cultural institute after the Liberation of Bulgaria.
The Central Military Club in Sofia is among the masterpieces of the Bulgarian early 20th-century architecture, which still adorns the city centre of Bulgaria’s capital city. It is one of the earliest monumental buildings erected after the re-establishment of the Bulgarian state after centuries of Ottoman government.
Take a break from pounding the city streets and rest up in the leafy Sofia City Garden, with its cafés, swings, flowerbeds and lovely fountain, where old men gather to play chess.
Borisova gradina or Knyaz-Borisova gradina translated as Boris’ Garden or Knyaz Boris’ Garden is the oldest and best known park in Sofia. It is certainly well worth a wander, especially to escape from the ubiquitous infernal-combusting engined machines for a short while.
The Council of Ministers building is where the Bulgarian government meets every week and where the Bulgarian prime-minister is working. The prime-minister office’s windows are facing the Presidency which outstands on 100 meters from the Government building.
The Central Bus Station in Sofia, Bulgaria, is a busy national and regional road transport hub, with tens of thousands travellers passing through each week. Bus companies from throughout Europe operate services through the station, reaching destinations in every corner of the continent, from Alicante to Zurich. The station is open seven days a week, 24hours a day.
The National Museum of Military History (NMMH) is a state museum, which is a structure of the Ministry of Defense (respectively the Ministry of War and the Ministry of National Defense). The museum has existed under various names and subordinate to various institutions since 1 August 1914 (in practice since 4 July 1916). It investigates, preserves, processes scientifically and popularizes cultural valuables connected with the national and European military history.
There are many tour operators and travel agencies that are offering trips to some of the most interesting sights in Bulgaria and also are offering guided city tours around Sofia. There are also many private guides that may give you a personal Sofia tour. That could be an orientation tour, shopping tour, galleries and museums or local attractions tours.